Kirjoita tämä teksti suomeksi siten, että asiat tulevat kerrotuksi mutta teksti ei ole kopioitu, Älä käytä brändinimiä. Kirjoita teksti yhtä pitkäksi, mutta erilaisella rakenteella kuin alkuperäinen. Alkuperäinen teksti: ” By Nicole Pajer UPDATE, January 30, 2018: Time.com recently reported on a breakout of dog flu in several states, including California. The strain affecting dogs is canine H3N2, a different strain than the similarly named human H3N2. Flu season has arrived—for humans and dogs. As people march into medical centers to nab their annual vaccination, veterinarians across the country are recommending that dog owners consider a similar immunization for their four-legged companions. The canine flu (H3N8) aka “the dog flu” is a contagious respiratory infection that was first discovered in 2004 when the virus jumped from horses and began affecting several breeds of racing dogs. Since then, 38 states have reported infected dogs, but, according to Dr. Edward J. Dubovi, Director of Virology at Cornell’s Animal Health Diagnostic Center, outbreaks tend to be sporadic and then dwindle. Fortunately, experts say that most cases are generally mild, can be treated if caught in time, and are preventative. Here is some more information on the virus and how you can keep your dog healthy this holiday season: How is Dog Flu Spread? Since dogs have no natural immunity to this virus, canine influenza can be easily transmitted between dogs; an infected dog can pass it to another dog through aerosolized respiratory secretions (sneezing, panting, etc.). Infected dogs actively shedding the virus can directly transmit it to other dogs. The virus can also spread through canine contact with contaminated objects and by people who move between infected and uninfected dogs. Dog-to-Dog Transmission of the Flu Direct contact with infected dogs is the main route of dog-to-dog transmission of canine influenza. Nose-to-nose interactions allow the virus to spread through respiratory droplets. Sharing items like food bowls, toys, and bedding with sick dogs can also transfer virus particles and lead to infection. Settings like dog parks, daycares, and boarding facilities are high risk due to the number of dogs mingling nearby. Owners should be cautious about exposing their dogs in areas where canine influenza is suspected or confirmed. Keeping canines away from known infected animals and their items can reduce transmission risks. Human Transmission Humans can inadvertently spread canine influenza. Handling or touching infected dogs and then having contact with other pets can transfer the virus and cause transmission. Contaminated items like shoes, clothing, and hands can also spread virus particles from sick dogs to uninfected ones. Bringing objects like leashes or toys used with infected dogs into the home or around other dogs can also lead to the spread. Airborne Transmission of Dog Influenza Infected dogs can spread the flu directly through the air when they cough and sneeze. Respiratory droplets containing the viral particles can become aerosolized and remain suspended in the air for short distances. Air circulation can then spread these particles to other pets in close proximity. The risk of airborne transmission increases the closer uninfected dogs are to those actively shedding the virus when coughing or sneezing. Facilities housing multiple dogs in shared airspace may facilitate spread through heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. Dog Flu Incubation Period After infection with canine influenza, there is typically an incubation period of 2-3 days before dogs start to show symptoms. During this time, the virus is multiplying rapidly in respiratory tissues. Dogs are most contagious for about 10 days after becoming infected, even before the onset of coughing and other signs. Infected dogs begin shedding viral particles in nasal secretions and saliva up to 2 days before symptoms appear. This means dogs can already spread the virus while appearing healthy. Due to this potential for asymptomatic transmission, cautions like isolating dogs with suspected exposure and proper hygiene are important for containment. The incubation period allows the virus to gain momentum and make dogs contagious before immune responses fully mobilize. Understanding this lag time and shedding pattern is key for controlling outbreaks. Symptoms of Canine Influenza Cough Fever Runny Nose Lethargy Loss of appetite Respiratory infection According to veterinarian Shari Brown, signs of canine influenza can mimic kennel cough (a dry cough) but can also be a moist cough that persists for 7 to 30 days. Dog Flu vs. Human Flu Canine influenza and human influenza are different illnesses caused by different viruses. The viruses that cause dog flu only spread between dogs. The ones that cause human flu only spread between people. Both illnesses can cause cough, runny nose, and fever. But dog flu viruses don’t make humans sick very easily. And human flu viruses don’t make dogs sick very easily. The time it takes for symptoms to start after infection is different for dog flu and human flu. The number of days when a dog or person is contagious is also different. The ways the viruses spread, like through coughs or shared toys, are similar. But vaccines for human flu don’t work for dog flu. Even though they are similar respiratory illnesses they are separate sicknesses caused by different viruses specific to their host. There is little risk of dogs and people spreading their flu viruses to each other. But hand washing is still important if there are flu cases in both people and pets in one household. This helps avoid any accidental passing of the viruses through something like a shared toy. What to Do if You Think Your Dog Has Influenza? Brown recommends that If a Pack Leader notes a cough that lasts longer than two days combined with other symptoms (nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, lethargy, decreased appetite), they should see a veterinarian immediately. Your vet will perform a test to see if your dog has canine influenza and if he tests positive, will prescribe a treatment plan. Follow the below steps if you suspect your furry friend has the flu. Contact your veterinarian – they can confirm if symptoms match canine influenza and advise the next steps Isolate your dog from other pets immediately to limit the spread Look for symptoms including coughing, runny nose, fever, lethargy, reduced appetite Monitor your dog closely for difficulty breathing, dehydration, or other concerning symptoms Avoid dog parks/daycares and limit interactions with other dogs during illness Provide plenty of rest and a quiet, comfortable space for your dog to recover Make sure your dog has easy access to fresh water to stay hydrated Feed bland, soft foods if your dog has a decreased appetite Administer any medications prescribed by your vet as directed Clean and disinfect your home thoroughly to remove germs Contact your vet promptly if symptoms worsen or do not improve with time Monitor other pets closely for any signs of illness and isolate if needed How is Dog Flu Treated? Most canine influenza cases are considered mild and involve treatments consisting of supportive care. Dogs may be given several medications to make them feel more comfortable as well as fluids to ensure that they are properly hydrated. “Just like human flu, we will treat with antibiotics to help protect against secondary infections. With the severe form, dogs show signs of fevers and pneumonia. These dogs sometimes have to be hospitalized,” explains Brown. Canine influenza is usually self-limiting, but severe cases do occur. The recommended treatment consists of rest, hydration, and supportive veterinary care. Antibiotics may be prescribed if secondary infections develop. Strict isolation from other dogs is also advised to prevent the spread of the virus. Veterinary Care The first step is confirming the diagnosis through a physical exam and testing. Dogs that develop pneumonia or have severe symptoms may require hospitalization for more intensive care. Dehydration is common with flu, so administering intravenous fluids is often necessary. Throughout treatment, the veterinarian will monitor vital signs and oxygen levels to ensure the dog is stable. With supportive veterinary care such as testing, hospitalization, fluids, and monitoring, most dogs recover fully from canine influenza within 2 to 3 weeks. However, veterinary attention is key, as dogs can decline rapidly or develop secondary infections without proper care. Medication for Treatment of Dog Influenza Medication can be an important part of treating dogs with canine influenza. Antibiotics may be prescribed if a secondary bacterial infection occurs. In severe cases, antiviral medication may be used to help shorten the duration and reduce the severity of symptoms. Pain relievers are also sometimes administered if the…
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